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Responsibilities of the U.S. Marshals Service

The United States Marshals Service (USMS) is the oldest federal law enforcement agency in the United States, established by the Judiciary Act of 1789. It plays a vital role in upholding the principles of justice and law enforcement across the country. This agency has a broad mandate and diverse responsibilities, reflecting its importance in the federal judicial system.

Duties and Operations of the U.S. Marshals Service

The primary duties of the U.S. Marshals Service involve judicial security, fugitive operations, witness security, prisoner transport, and asset forfeiture.

Judicial Security:
A fundamental duty of the Marshals Service is to ensure the safe and secure operation of the federal judiciary. This includes protecting federal judges, other court officials, and court buildings. In addition, they provide security for jurors and help maintain decorum during court proceedings.

Fugitive Operations:
The Marshals Service is the lead federal agency in charge of fugitive investigations. They apprehend more federal fugitives than all other law enforcement agencies combined. The agency operates task forces to locate and capture fugitives who have warrants for their arrest on charges ranging from drug offenses to violent crimes.

Witness Security:
The Marshals Service operates the Federal Witness Protection Program, providing security, health, and safety for government witnesses and their immediate dependents. Their job is to keep these individuals safe before, during, and after a trial.

Prisoner Transport:
The agency is also responsible for the transport of federal prisoners from their place of arrest to correctional facilities across the country. The U.S. Marshals Service handles hundreds of thousands of prisoner movements annually.

Asset Forfeiture:
The Marshals Service plays a significant role in the Department of Justice’s Asset Forfeiture Program by seizing and managing assets that were acquired by individuals as a result of illegal activities.

The U.S. Marshals Service, though less publicized than agencies like the FBI or the CIA, is a critical component of the U.S. federal law enforcement framework. Its diverse responsibilities and nationwide jurisdiction enable it to protect the federal judicial process, ensure the apprehension of fugitives, and facilitate a safer country for all. Their service is indispensable to the maintenance of law and order, and their role continues to evolve to meet the changing needs of the justice system

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